Benefits of Natura 2000

The Natura 2000 network makes us wealthier

proba4Health safeguarding, life quality and social welfare, but also economic development and employment.

Because without the people who have taken care of these territories, modeling them for centuries, many of these spaces would not exist; Because traditional activities belong to these places, thus they are necessary, and because these spaces were created for nature conservation and economic development

Positive influence on the socioeconomic development of the natural area and its region.

Stimulation of employment creation and reduction of population loss, fundamentally thanks to its nature protection and to its empowerment of activities experiencing rapid growth, such as rural tourism, ecological agriculture, local crafts, its culture and local traditions, as well as the sale of products with denomination of origin.

Benefits and vital services for humanity.

Provision of food, high water quality, fuel, soil formation, air purification, carbon storage, climate change control services, recycling of waste, biodiversity and pollination of crops.


La Red Natura 2000 provides opportunities for:

  • Preservation of natural heritage.
  • Maintainance and revitalization of traditional activities.
  • Boosting development and preventing rural depopulation.
  • Moving towards more sustainable practices and models of farming, fishing, agriculture and forestry management.
  • Promoting agricultural activities along with its native varieties of crops and livestock breeds as a mean for generating biodiversity.
  • Improving the life quality of people settled in these areas who have prevented its degradation from happening during years.
  • Promoting a label for high quality products and services generated in these areas (food, crafts, tourism, leisure, etc..).
  • Promoting nature recreation.
  • Generating new business activities.
  • Obtaining national and european financial support in conservation and sustainable development.

A few figures of Natura 2000 as a driver for economic growth and employment.

  • Provides services to European citizens rated between 200 and 300 billion euros a year (Source: European Commission)The development of the Natura 2000 network in Spain mean an increase in gross domestic product from 0.1% to 0.26%.
  • The 35% of jobs in developed regions and 7% (14.6 million) in the European Union depend on the services provided by ecosystems.
  • The Natura 2000 network has generated nearly 12 million jobs each year in the EU during the period 2006-2008 in several sectors, such as in agriculture, fisheries, forestry, tourism and services.
  • Nature tourism is growing between 15% and 20% per year. The annual revenue in Spain exceed 2,000 million euros (According to the World Tourism Organization UNWTO)proba5
  • The revenue from turism in the Natura 2000 network in Europe is estimated betweeen 50 and 85 million euros a year.
  • Natural disasters during the 1990-2010 period have led to economic losses for the European Union of approximately 163 million euros (about 16 million per year).
  • The 25% of drugs sold in developed countries and 75% used in developing countries is made from natural compounds.
  • The pollination benefits in Europe are about 14 billion per year, which represents the 10% of agricultural production.
  • The Natura 2000 network warehousea currently about 35 billion tons of CO2, Whose value is around 600 billion and 1,130 billion.
  • Healthy ecosystems provide benefits through reducing both water treatment and water provision costs.



EC report cover benefits