Above 27,000 natural areas of high ecological value in Europe are part of the Natura 2000 network. Protecting these areas is meant to ensure the survival of valuable species and conservation of most threatened European habitats in the long-term.
In Spain, the 30% of our territory is part of the Natura 2000 network, which demonstrates the wealth of nature and biodiversity that we have. With more than 1,800 spaces, Spain is the country that encompass the largest surface of the network. We own a wonderful heritage, rich of opportunities that we must to preserve and also making the most of its wide range of the benefits that it provides us.
The model of the Natura 2000 promotes nature conservation going hand in hand with the benefits for citizens and for the economy in general,. traditional productive activities, recreation activities and tourism.
The European Commission has estimated that Natura 2000 areas provide European citizens vital services such as carbon storage, maintenance of water quality or protection against floods and droughtsValued between 200,000 to 300,000 million per year.
A little of history
The Natura 2000 network was born in 1992 along with the approval of the Habitats Directive. It's composed of two protection status:
– The Sites of Community Importance (SCIs) are sites hosting natural habitat types or species of special value to European Union level.
– The Special Protection Areas for Birds (SPAs) are sites hosting wild bird species retained on the European Union level.
Both SCI and SPAs can be terrestrial or marine areas, although the marine network is much less developed than the Earth.
Tenerife have school today shearwaters Cinderella liberdo
In Spain there are currently 1,858 spaces protected Natura 2000 Network, 1.461 LIC and 643 ZEPA, Which means that almost 30% of the surface of our country is within a space with this protection. Specifically, more than 12 million hectares are LIC, of which 1 million are marine; while more than 10 million are SPAs, being 265,000 marine SPAs. Only 26% of the Natura 2000 network are being managed with a specific plan of management, although everyone should have a management plan approved before 2011, according to Law 42/2007 on Natural Heritage and biodiversity.
Despite the importance of this network for 85% of the Spanish says he knew nothing of these spaces.
If you have any questions or want more information about this European network of protected areas you can call free 900 66 77 90, that from the Life + Activate your real wealth. Natura 2000 network It has been launched with the aim to make it known.